Canine & Feline Oral Disease
Complicated oral disease in dogs and cats such as oral tumors, immune disorders and gingivostomatitis require more advanced diagnostic procedures including but not limited to radiographs, biopsy and histopathological evaluation. The 3 most commonly encountered malignant oral tumors in dogs are: malignant melanoma (30-40%), squamous cell carcinoma (20-30%), and fibrosarcoma (10-20%). Most common malignant tumors in the cat are squamous cell carcinoma (60-80%) and fibrosarcoma (about 13%).
Benign masses include gingival hyperplasia, epulides, dentigerous cysts, and gingival or facial swelling caused by abscessed tooth roots.